Wednesday, August 25, 2010

Fast Reading Comprehension

Read for some people is a tedious job, because they consider that reading just waste of their spare time, though from reading we can obtain various information and technology. In addition, by reading helps the brain to work optimally. In order to read more fun and can be read quickly, here are some reviews on how to read quickly.

Definition of Reading :
The definition in linguistics to explain that reading is a process of re-encoding and decoding process. These aspects relate written words to the meaning of spoken language. This includes changing the text or mold into a meaningful sound.
Reading is a process that is carried and used by readers who want to get the message presented by the author through the words of the written language .. A process that requires the reader to understand the written word group is a unified and visible in a glance, and the meanings of words that can be known precisely. If this can be met then the message is explicit and the implicit can be understood, so that the process of reading has been performing well.
Someone who was reading meant he was performing an activity in the form of communicating with yourself through written symbols. Meaning does not lie in not reading the written material, but also lies in the reader's mind itself. Thus the meaning of the reading can vary depending on the reader and the different experiences he had at the time to read and used to interpret the written words.

A good reader is someone who can take feedback on the language (an idea, stye, and maturity of the author) and a decent sense of speed. Good reading ability is very important in a reading.

To develop and improve skills needed in reading are:
  • It can help students to enrich their vocabulary by introducing words synonyms, antonyms, supplement, and explain the meaning of a word abstract using the local language or their native language.
  • Can help students to understand the meaning of the word structures, sentence and accompanied by the necessary training.
  • Can increase the speed of reading the students by asking them to read to himself, avoiding the lip movement, and explain the purpose of reading.

Someone who can understand a reading or discourse, will find the form of schemata that provide an adequate proposal of a reading. A reading comprehension process is to find the configuration schemata that offer an adequate description of a reading. Until now the concept of the scheme is the way to the most promising from the point of discourse in general. Because schemata are part of the presentation of background knowledge, breadth of knowledge and experience of readers is one basis for the strong design makes use of the concept of the scheme.

Capabilities needed in reading comprehension include:
• understand the vocabulary used in common language and can deduce its meaning in context.
• understand the forms of syntactic and morphological features found in reading written.
• can draw conclusions and a valid response of the material read.

Based on the above statement then the ability to read is how someone can understand very well what that message was conveyed in the passage, so that the information may be disclosed again absorbed properly, either orally or in writing.

Core part of speed reading is how you read a few words together and move your eyes to catch the words quickly. Imagine the analogy of a computer that has a super fast processor. This is your brain. And the speed of your eyes in seeing likened verbatim data sender channel that will determine whether the processor speed is fully utilized or are left in the idle condition because there is no data to be processed.

Most people read word by word It will slow read speed. You have to practice to be read per block words

In a quick reading of fixation / scan the eye at the widening So could read several words at once.

By reading the block of words, reading time, would be more concise. 'In a fast reader' reads one can see, then 'fixation widened' is also read with a single look. So also with 'So that could be read' and 'a few words at a time', only read once saw.
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Cigarette Museum in Kudus

The Museum had been launched and opened in 1906 was the brainchild of the governor of Central Java at that time, H. Supardjo Roestam in order to save and presents a collection of objects associated with the development of clove cigarette company in Kudus city.
It is Located in the village of Getas Pejaten No. 155, Kecamatan Jati, Kudus Regency, Central Java Province, the Museum which stands on an area of 2 hectares is quite beautiful and majestic. Interior Museum is filled with statues and a variety of cigarette making equipment. The statues are slick and other ornaments of fruit works of selected artists from Kudus City can also be seen in this museum.

Until recently, the Museum Kretek cigarettes are the largest museums in Indonesia. To commemorate the great figure who had been instrumental in the cigarette industry in Kudus, museum managers perpetuating their figures through the paintings on display at the museum wall.
Inside the Museum Kretek is stored various equipment and machinery manufacture traditional clove cigarettes and cigarette smoking klobot and means of promotion at the time. In general, there are five large collection of cigarette production equipment at this museum: a collection of mill clove (clove glondong chopper tool), a collection of rolling tobacco (tobacco analyst tools), a collection krondo (a tool to separate the tobacco stems are rough and smooth), and collections tobacco chopper tools.
In addition visitors can also view photos of the track documentation and history of the Holy cigarettes can also be observed dioramas depicting the production process both traditional (by hand without tools and the production of hand cigarette rollers that produce cigarettes and cigarette klobot) and cigarette production process filter with modern machinery.
Also on the left side a little to the front of the museum was established traditional house of Kudus, though not as good and complete as Kudus traditional house owned dozens of residents. And now this Museums clove is also equipped with a playground for children.
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Kudus Minaret

Kudus is one of district in Central Java province, although it is small town but has many tourism objects, both natural attractions and religion tourism. In Kudus, there are natural attractions like MOnthel waterfalls in Colo Area , where the temperature is very cool because there lies on the mountain region and There is also a park that is called "Taman Krida" In Wergu Area. Beside that there are some museums like Cigarette museum and archaeological museum in Pati Ayam. There was also the religious tourism. This is because Kudus has two Wali who spread Islam in Kudus, they are Sunan Kudus and Sunan Muria, so many people doing the Pilgrimage to the tomb of those Sunans. One of the Sunan who his tomb located in the area of Minaret, he is Sunan Kudus.

Kudus Minaret is an old building made of red brick-shaped tower that is the result of acculturation of the Hindu-Javanese culture and Islam. The minaret is not a Hindu temple but a former building of the tower which was built in the days of status as guardian / the transition period from the end of the Majapahit Kingdom era to switch to the Islamic Kingdom of Demak.
The construction and architectural style of the minaret is similar to the temples of East Java, the Majapahit era until such Singosari temple towers resembling Jago Kulkul in Bali. Kudus Minaret became the symbol "tolerant Islam" which means Sunan Kudus disseminate Islam in Kudus by respecting the Hindu-Javanese who embraced the local community. Kudus Minaret is a tower that used to put a drum and used to inform the public about prayer time.
When the minaret was built?
It is estimated that the minaret is derived from 16th century, was built by Sheikh Ja'far Shodiq (Sunan Kudus, one of Wali Songo). On the roof of the tower mast there is a candrasengkala which reads "Gapura rusak ewahing jagad". According to Prof. DR RM Soetjipto Wirjosoepano, candrasengkala shows Gapuro (6), Rusak (0), Ewah (6) and Jagad (1) which in the Javanesse language is read from the back so that a meaningful 1609. Kudus Minaret was built in 1609 or 1685 AD Java.
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Tuesday, August 24, 2010

The degrees of comparison

In English grammar the degree of comparison of an adjective or adverb that describes the relational value of one thing with something in another clause of a sentence. An adjective may simply describe a quality, (the positive); it may compare the quality with that of another of its kind (comparative degree); and it may compare the quality with many or all others (superlative degree). In other languages it may describe a very large degree of a particular quality (in Semitic linguistics, called an elative).

The degree of comparison may be expressed morphologically, or syntactically. In English, for example, most monosyllabic and some disyllabic adjectives have morphological degrees of comparison: green (positive), greener (comparative), greenest (superlative); pretty, prettier, prettiest; while most polysyllabic adjectives use syntax: complex, more complex, most complex.
  1. The positive degree is the most basic form of the adjective, positive because it does not relate to any superior or inferior qualities of other things in speech.
  2. The comparative degree denotes a greater amount of a quality relative to something else. The phrase “Anna is taller than her father” means that Anna's degree of tallness is greater than her father's degree of tallness.
  3. The superlative degree denotes the most, the largest, etc., by which it differs from other things.

Comparison Rate
Quantitative adjective much and little, and many numbers of adjectives and Few, had the highest

Comparison Rate

Quantitative adjective much and little, and many numbers of adjectives and Few, had the highest

comparison (comparison degrees).

The degrees of comparison (comparison level) accounted for three levels, namely:
1. The positive degree (ordinary level)
2. The comparative (more level / ratio)
3. The superlative (lowest level)

1) adjective consisting of one syllable and some disyllabic adjectives can be formed comparative by adding er or r, and the superlative by adding-est or-st.

a) If a positive ending in two consonants or in a single consonant preceded by two vowels, add er and est







b) If the positive end in a dead letter dead letter and was preceded by a short vowel, final consonant doubled and then add er and est


big = large
wet = wet
hot = hot


Bigger = more
Wetter = wetter
Hotter = more heat


biggest = largest
= wettest wettest
hottest = hottest

c) If the positive end of the letter e, just add r and st


nice = good
fine = fine
wise = sage


be better nicer =
finer = better
wiser wiser =


nicest = best
finest = best
wisest wisest =

d) If the positive end of the letter y, and y is preceded by a consonant, y changed to I, then add er and est


wry = italic
Dry = dry
happy = happy


wrier = more oblique
drier drier =
happier = more happy


wriest = most crooked
= driest driest
happiest = terbahagia

e) If y is preceded by a vowel, y is not changed to i, but immediately added r and est


gay = gay
coy = shy
gray = overcast


gayer = more cheerful
coyer = more timid
greyer = more cloudy


gayest = teriang
coyest = terpemalu
greyest = termendung

f) The adjective consists of two syllables (two syllables) which end Some, ow, le, er, add er and est







2) The adjective of two syllables - two syllables (which sound pressure falls on the initial syllable) or more, added more to form and the most for superlatives comperatives


= famous famous
useful = useful
beautiful = beautiful


more famous
more useful
more beautiful


Most Famous
most useful
most beautiful

3) Some adjectives formed with an irregular manner (irregular) for comparatives and superlatives






foremost, first worst
nighest, next

Note 1:

a) Former = the first / last; the first one (between two objects).

Example: I prefer the former fabric. I prefer the first fabric

Of the two methods I prefer the former. Between the two methods that I prefer the first

b) Later = the latter

Example: I Will take the later plane. I would like to fly aboard the latter

c) the Latter = the latter / last (in between two objects)

Example: I Will Take The Latter book. I want to buy the last book (in between the two books)

d) Free = the latter / latter until now

Example: What is the latest news of the war? how is the latest news (last) war?

e) Last = last (most recent / efflux)

Example: This is our last opportunity. This is our last chance

Z is the last letter of the alphabet. Z is the last letter of the alphabet


Later means that later or more slowly, pointing to the time

Example: She Came to school later than I. He came to school more slowly than I

Latter refers to the second sequence between two things or things just mentioned

Example: Alexandria and Cairo are large cities; the Latter has a population of over a million.

Alexandria and Cairo is a big city; the latter (ie Cairo) has a population of more than one million people

Latest means the last until now, while the last means the most recent or


If we say:

Did you read Mr. Green's latest book? if you read the last book / latest Mr. Green?

This means that Mr. Green may go up again another book.

If we say:

Did you read Mr. Green's last book? if you read the last book Mr. Green?

This means that Mr. Green does not or will not write another book after book

had intended.

Note 2:

a) The Elder also comperative from the old form. Note the difference in the use of elders and older.

Example: John is my elder brother. John is my brother

John is older than Lisa. John is older than Lisa

b) Eldest also superlative form of old. Note the difference in usage eldest and oldest:

She is my eldest daughter. He is the eldest daughter

That is the oldest hotel in the city. That's the oldest hotel in town


Elder and eldest are used on people, and most often used on people in relationships

kinship. While the older and the oldest is used to express age or older or oldest of any people or objects.

4) There are six words adverbs (adverb) in the form of positive degrees, but the adjectives (adj) in the form of comparative and supelative






innermost, inmost
uttermost, utmost

5) The words of certain properties can not be compared

perfect = perfect
unique = unique
= highest supreme
preferable = better
Natural = natural
right = true
wrong = wrong


POSITIVE Degree (positive rate) is used to indicate that something is the same level. The comparison to something that used the same level as ... as.

Example: Ali is 1.6 meters and 1.6 meters Anwar Is Also.

U.S. is the U.S. Tall Ali Anwar.

This book cost about Rp. 2000, -. That book costs Rp. 2000, -

This book is one the U.S. That Expensive U.S.

Negative form of this comparison are as follows:

Example: Jakarta is not U.S. U.S. WARM Surabaya.


dc + + dc positive

no less than + positive +

+ more + positive note than


This girl is as clever as that '. The daughter is as clever girl

This girl is no less clever than that '. This same daughter with the girl's clever

That girl is not more clever than this. The girl was not more clever than this girl

(Meaning the girl and this girl just smart)

B. Comparative degree is used when two people or things are not the same be said in terms of a particular trait, one more than others. Level of comparison expressed by using the "-er" if that adjective has only one syllable (one Syllable) and in adding the word "than."

Example: Handi is Taller than Anton

A train is faster than a bus

If the adjective ends in le, r, ow, y, then add "-er". If the adjective ends with "y", then changed to "IER."

Example: This problem is Simpler than We Had the one yesterday.

The street in front of my house is narrower than this one.

Comparative degree that use more than one syllable (two or more syllables) used "more." Tribe said he meant beautiful = beau-ti-ful (three syllables); expensive = ex-pen-sive (three syllables), useful = use-ful (two syllables)

Example: TV programs are more interesting than the radio program.

My trousers are more expensive than yours.


comparative + than


Lisa is taller than her sisters. Lisa taller than his sister

Jakarta is Bigger than Singapore. Jakarta, Surabaya is greater than others


Rules untukk two syllables (two syllabels) is more complicated. Some comparative and superlative adjective formed with-er,-est., Some with more, most, others may do both.

Two-Syllable adjectives with-er,-est

1. Adjective ending in-y preceded by a consonant

Example: pretty - prettier, dirty - dirtier, noisy - noisier, happy - happier, unhappy - unhappier

2. Adjective ending in-ple,-ble, and usually-TLE,-dle

Example: Simple - Simpler, noble - nobler, humble - humbler, Subtle - subtler, idle - idler

Two-Syllable adjective with more, most

1. Most of the derivative adjective ending suffix:-OUs,-ish,-ful,-ing,-ed, etc.

Example: more famous, more useful, more childish, more interesting, more Tired

2. Most of the adjective ending in-ct,-nt,-st

Example: more exact, more recent, more honest, more urgent

Two-Syllable adjective with-er,-est or more, most (of the form-er,-est less formal)

1. Adjective ending in-er: cleverer, tenderer, bitterer

2. Adjective ending in-ow: narrower, shallower, mellower

3. Adjective ending in-Some: hansomer, wholesomer, lonesomer

4. Others: an emphasis on first syllable: pleasanter, crueler, quieter, stupider

Emphasis on the second syllable: politer, profounder, remoter, obscurer, sincerer, severer, securer

C. SUPERLATIVE Degree (superlative degree), ie when a person or an object is said to exceed or surpass all other persons or objects that the same sort of thing, we use the superlative degree with the ... of.

When an adjective consisting of one or two syllables, is used by adding "est."

Example: The Wisma Nusantara Building is the tallest building in Jakarta.

An elephant is The Biggest animal nowadays.

When the adjective ends with "y", then the superlative level changes to "iest."

Example: Today is THE happiest day for me. It's my birthday.

I do not know Which is THE heaviest metal.

The adjective is more than two syllables using the "Most."
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Global warming is happening lately resulted in various changes in extreme weather. Sometimes it got very hot but suddenly became very cold. This can lead to changes in resilience of the human body.
Very drastic changes that can lead to various diseases such as Influenza or fever. But weather like this body more susceptible to influenza illness.
What exactly is influenza disease?
The flu is a contagious illness that caused by viruses, and it may sometimes even lead to death. The flu usually starts suddenly and may include these symptoms: Fever (usually high), headache, cough, sorethroat, runny or stuffy nose, and muscle aches; diarrhea and vomitting can also occur.

There are things yoou can do to prevent the flu. First, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue every time you snezze. Do not forget to throw the tissue away after yoou use it. Second, frequently wash your hands with soap, especially after you cough or snezze. Third, try not to touch your nose, eyes, or mouth. Germs are usually spread this way. Fourth, stay away from people if possible. When you get the flu, stay at home. Try to get a rest on your bed.
So, what should you do if you get the flu? Eat chicken soup that you like! Chicken soup has been proven to relieve some of the symptoms related with the flu. For a sore throat, drink either hot fluids or try cool stuff, like popsicles or ice cream. Finally, get some rest. Wait a day after your temperature is normal before going back to do your activities.
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Dengue Fever

Extremely season as it is now vulnerable to various diseases such as coughs, colds, flu and even deadly diseases such as dengue fever. For that we should be able to maintain a healthy body and environment around us. One of dengue fever caused could become an epidemic disease caused by the environment are not good so the larva of mosquitoes can breed well.
One symptom of dengue fever which is initiated from a hot body temperature and influenza, cough and sometimes even vomiting. Like symptoms are almost the same as symptoms of typhoid disease or gastritis.

As happened on my friend's son, at first they thought it was just like the common cold diseases suffered by young children in general. But his temperature heat can not go down until a few days so they decided to check the blood to determine the type illness. At the first check did not reveal any disease dengue fever. But body temperature is still hot and even diarrhea. In the end they decided again to check the blood of the second. In the second test was only discovered the existence of dengue fever. But it was too late, because the disease was most severe. Eventually his son could not helped and died.
Looking at these experiences, we should be more alert to weather changes that happened lately, so the incident will not recur.
Here, I try to explain what actually arriving fever :
What is dengue fever?
Dengue fever is a disease caused by a family of viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes. It is an acute illness of sudden onset that usually follows a benign course with symptoms such as headache, fever, exhaustion, severe muscle and joint pain, swollen glands (lymphadenopathy), and rash. The presence (the "dengue triad") of fever, rash, and headache (and other pains) is particularly characteristic of dengue. Other signs of dengue fever include bleeding gums, severe pain behind the eyes, and red palms and soles.
Dengue (pronounced DENG-gay) strikes people with low levels of immunity. Because it is caused by one of four serotypes of virus, it is possible to get dengue fever multiple times. However, an attack of dengue produces immunity for a lifetime to that particular serotype to which the patient was exposed.
Dengue goes by other names, including "breakbone" or "dandy fever." Victims of dengue often have contortions due to the intense joint and muscle pain, hence the name breakbone fever. Slaves in the West Indies who contracted dengue were said to have dandy fever because of their postures and gait.
Dengue hemorrhagic fever is a more severe form of the viral illness. Manifestations include headache, fever, rash, and evidence of hemorrhage in the body. Petechiae (small red or purple blisters under the skin), bleeding in the nose or gums, black stools, or easy bruising are all possible signs of hemorrhage. This form of dengue fever can be life-threatening and can progress to the most severe form of the illness, dengue shock syndrome.
What are dengue fever symptoms and signs?
After being bitten by a mosquito carrying the virus, the incubation period ranges from three to 15 (usually five to eight) days before the signs and symptoms of dengue appear. Dengue starts with chills, headache, pain upon moving the eyes, and low backache. Painful aching in the legs and joints occurs during the first hours of illness. The temperature rises quickly as high as 104 F (40 C), with relative low heart rate (bradycardia) and low blood pressure (hypotension). The eyes become reddened. A flushing or pale pink rash comes over the face and then disappears. The glands (lymph nodes) in the neck and groin are often swollen.
Fever and other signs of dengue last for two to four days, followed by a rapid drop in body temperature (defervescence) with profuse sweating. This precedes a period with normal temperature and a sense of well-being that lasts about a day. A second rapid rise in temperature follows. A characteristic rash appears along with the fever and spreads from the extremities to cover the entire body except the face. The palms and soles may be bright red and swollen.
What is the treatment for dengue fever?
Because dengue fever is caused by a virus, there is no specific medicine or antibiotic to treat it. For typical dengue, the treatment is purely concerned with relief of the symptoms (symptomatic). Rest and fluid intake for adequate hydration is important. Aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs should only be taken under a doctor's supervision because of the possibility of worsening hemorrhagic complications. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) and codeine may be given for severe headache and for the joint and muscle pain (myalgia).
How can dengue fever be prevented?
The transmission of the virus to mosquitoes must be interrupted to prevent the illness. To this end, patients are kept under mosquito netting until the second bout of fever is over and they are no longer contagious.
The prevention of dengue requires control or eradication of the mosquitoes carrying the virus that causes dengue. In nations plagued by dengue fever, people are urged to empty stagnant water from old tires, trash cans, and flower pots. Governmental initiatives to decrease mosquitoes also help to keep the disease in check but have been poorly effective.
To prevent mosquito bites, wear long pants and long sleeves. For personal protection, use mosquito repellant sprays that contain DEET when visiting places where dengue is endemic. Limiting exposure to mosquitoes by avoiding standing water and staying indoors two hours after sunrise and before sunset will help. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is a daytime biter with peak periods of biting around sunrise and sunset. It may bite at any time of the day and is often hidden inside homes or other dwellings, especially in urban areas.
There is currently no vaccine available for dengue fever. There is a vaccine undergoing clinical trials, but it is too early to tell if it will be safe or effective. Early results of clinical trials show that a vaccine may be available by 2012.
Where can people get more information on dengue fever?
"Dengue," Centers for Disease Control and Prevention"
(Taken from:
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Saturday, August 21, 2010

English Expression


Introduce yourself.
To introduce self-expression, among others:
- I would like to Introduce my self, my name's ...
- May I Introduce my self?
- Let me Introduce my self. my name ...
- I want to Introduce my self. my name ...

Introducing others.
This expression is used to introduce people to each other:
- I would like you to meet .... (Name that wants to be introduced)
- This is my friend, boss, manager ... (name that wants to be introduced)
- Have you met ... (name that wants to be introduced)
- May I Introduce you to ... (name that wants to be introduced)
- Let me Introduce you to ... (name that wants to be introduced)
- I want to Introduce you ... (name that wants to be introduced)

The first friendly greeting used is "How do you do" then continued with; It's nice to see you, I am glad to meet you, usually rewarded with the same phrase, after the second meeting of the phrase was not used again instead used:

Greetings Response
- How are you I am fine thanks, How about you guys
- How is life? Everything is OK
- How is everything going on? Not so bad / not so good / So so.


Is how to say thank you in English usually uses the word as follows:

The phrase Response
- Thank you
- Thank you very much
- Thanks

- Thank you for Helping me
- Thank you for your kindness

- I'm Grateful for your help - Thank you / You're welcome!
- You're welcome!
- That's all right

- Not at all
- Do not Mention it.
- Any time

C. Asking for Help (Ask for help / assistance)

To request our assistance may use the expression - the expression as follows:
- Would you guys + V1 + Object (me) example: Would you help me?
- Could you + V1 + Object (me) Could you help me?
- Do you mind + V ing + Object (me) Do you mind Helping me?
- Would you mind + V ing + Object (me) Would you mind Helping me?

Expression in response to receiving the usual: OK, Certainly, Of course, while sure to reject the common use I am sorry. While for the use of the phrase Do / would you mind if received; Not at all, off course not, to refuse to use; yes, I am sorry.

D. Offering HELP.

Expressions to offer assistance are as follows;
- May I help you
- Can I help you
- What Can I help you
- What Can I do for you - How Can I assist you
- How Can I help you
- Let me help you
- Do you want me to help you
Basically asking or offering help is the same, we just need to change the subject or object position of the sentence, except in the pattern of using Do / Would you mind ...
Note the changes:

Offering Help (offering help) Asking for help (for help)

® Could I help you?
® Would you like me to help you
® Could you help me?
® Would you like to help me

E. SOME Things Offering
To offer something in English we use the common expression patterns, "would you like ..., Would you care for ...?, Why do not you have ...?, How about having ...? May I offer you ...?

Offering offering Response / feedback

Would you like Some drinks / food?
 Would you care for coffee?
Why do not you have Some mint tea?
 How about having fun?
 Yes, please
 No, thank I do not drink coffee
 Thank you, I'd love to
 Oh, no

F. Apologizing

Here is the expression - the expression to apologize in brief;

Response expression / response
® I am very sorry
® I am very sorry
® Please forgive me
® I am sorry for coming late
® I apologize for .... It's OK / that's all right

Not at all
No problem
Not at all
It does not matter.
If someone get angry and refused to forgive, they usually uses the phrase: "So you Should be!"

G. FOR Asking permission.

In daily interactions - sometimes the day we are faced with a situation where we have to apply for permission to do something; following phrase - used the following response unkapan

Asking for permission accepting Refusing

 Can I + V1: Can I go home?
 May I + V1: May I wash my hands?
 Could I + V1: Could I use it sir?
 you mind If I Dou ...
 I wonder if I can / Could + V1

Go a head
 Not at all
By all means
Sorry but
Did you guys I'd rather
 I'm afraid you can not
 Yes!
 I am sorry you can not


In daily interactions - the day sometimes we'll invite / invite someone to attend / do something following expressions used in the invitation;
Refusing accepting Invitation
Let's smoke
 I would like to invite you to attend my party
 Would you care for Joining my birthday party?

Let's be happy Marshall
We All right
Of course

All right
No, thanks
I'd love to but I can not
I'm sorry, I have Some Things To Do

I. Asking INTERNATIONAL Giving Opinions

Expression - phrases used for advice and give suggestions are as follows follows the pattern of the sentence: "Let's + V1 / be + Ks", "Why do not We ...?", "" Would you care for ...? "," I would like to invite you to ... "," Would you like to + V1. "

Asking for opinions Giving opinions

 What do you think of / about ...
 What is your opinion for / about ...
 What is your view on ...
 What do you say about ...
 I think that ...
 I believe that ...
 I feel that ...
 In my opinion ...
 I do not really know about ...
 How about ....
 What about ....
For the last two regular expression followed by a gerund (V ing) or just followed Noun
Example: "What about going home? "What about Coca Cola?"
"How about finishing it early? "" How about hamburgers? "


In giving advice we sometimes use different phrases have the same purpose. Nevertheless, respectively - each have a different pattern. Here's how to give the following advice responses / response;

Advice / Suggestions accepting Refusing

 Why do not you + V 1
 You need to + V1
 You Should + V1
 It's best to + V 1
 You Had better not + V1
 It would be a good idea to + V1
 You ought to + V1
 Yes, I Will
 Yes May be I Should
 Yes I suppose I Should
 Yes I guess I Should
May be
 I gues not
 OK
 I do not think so
 I guess not
 O no!
 Oh no!


Agree Disagree
 I agree with you
 I think so
It is certainly
 That's I want to say
 I am with you
 I am on your side
That idea I buy
 I disagree with you
I would not say That
 I do not think so
EXACTLY  notes
 I can not say so
On contrary 
 I do not buy That Idea

Functional Skills
For Specific purposes

In this chapter we will learn some of expression - an expression commonly used in the case - certain things associated with working unia. Skills are very useful in dealing with the world of work in the current global era, the phrase - the phrase has a broad meaning. Watch and learn.

A. Reservation
The reservation service we will study the expression used in Hotel, Restaurant and bureaus are mentioned bverikut perjalanan.Ungkapan these:

1. Hotel Room Booking Service

Guess (Guest) Receptionist (reception)
There's Room Full Room
 I'd like to book a room for Tomorrow

 I'd like to reserve a single room
 Is there any rooms available tonight?
 Could you tell me the night rate is for a single room?  OK, sir, how long you stay will from

 What sort rooms do you need sir / madam?
 $ .140 a night sir / madam
 May I know Whom is it for?
 I am sorry sir We are fully booked
 Would you like me to book a room in another hotel for you sir / madam?

For ordering options.
Receptionist (reception) Guess (Guest)
 Do you have any special preference?
 Beach view please
 I want to have the room with mountain view

2. Restaurant Booking Service in
Guess (Guest) Receptionist (reception)
There was an empty table table Fully
 I'd like to book a table for tonight?

 I'd like to reserve tables
 Is there any tables available tonight?
 OK, sir, how many people will from come to your dinner?
 Do you need an extra table / toast?
 I am sorry sir We are fully booked
 Would you like me to book a table in another restaurant for you sir / madam?

For ordering options.
Receptionist (reception) Guess (Guest)
 Do you have any special preference?
 I want the table near the pool

3. Travel ticket reservation services / theater
Customer (Customer) Reservation Officer (booking officer)
Available Not available
 I'd like to book a plane ticket for Padang?

 I'd like to reserve two seats for two
 Is there any seats available tonight?
 OK, sir, Pls Will you leave for Padang.
 Which row do you like to seat?
 I am sorry sir We are fully booked, How about Tomorrow?

For ordering options.
Receptionist (reception) Guess (Guest)
 Do you have any special preference?
 I want the seat near the window (train, bus, plane)
 On the first row / BALCON (theater)

B. Telephone Handling.

Do you still remember:

How the secretary greets the caller?
What the caller says to inform his / her purpose?
What the secretary says to inform That the one the caller wants to speak to is not in?

To make a call (Call)

 Greetings (Good morning / afternoon / evening).
 May I speak to ..., please?
 I'm ... (your name) from ... (your company's name)
 I'm calling about ... (your purpose)
 Could you put me through to Mr. / Mrs. ...?

To receive a call (the call)

 Greetings (Good morning / afternoon / evening) + name of your company.
 Can I help you? May I help you?
 Who's calling, please? Who's speaking, please?
 May I have your name, please? Could I have your number?
 Hold on, please. Just a moment, please.
 I'm sorry. The line is engaged. Sorry, Sir / Ma 'am. The line is busy.
 I'll put you through to Mr. / Mrs. ...
 Do you want to hold on, or call again later?
 Can I take your message?
 Could you speak up, please? It's a terrible connection.

Leaving a message (leave message)

The caller (caller)
 Could you take a message for me?
 Could you please take a message?
 May I leave a message?

The person answers the phone will from the WHO say (telephone receiver)
 Would you leave a message
 May I take a message

D. Confirming Arrangements.

In the business world to cancel the agreement is to be avoided, but if circumstances force us to cancel it then we are biased using the following expression:

1. I regret to tell you That I have to cancel our meeting
2. I am sorry That I Will have to cancel my business trip Because of our company's condition.
3. I am sorry That I Will have to cancel my arrangements
4. We Could write a provisional date in our diaries?
5. I'm sorry to upset your plan like this.
6. I'm sorry the plan is Cancelled
7. Unexpected Something Happened and I can not make it
8. We'll have to delay the meeting
9. I can not make Them Decide exactly what they want are going to do
10. I need to contact my lawyer.

C. Arrangements canceling

The phrase is used to ensure the agreement is as follows:
1. I would like to confirm my ... ..
2. I would like to confirm about taking ...
3. I would like to confirm about our arrangements

D. AN Appointment Making (Making agreements business meeting)

What do you say Pls help you get through to the Person You Want to speak to and fix a
meeting? Here Are Some expressions That you find in the above conversation and are usually
Used in making an appointment.

Suggesting a time to meet
Responding to the suggestion
 Can / Shall We fix / arrange / manage an appointment / a meeting?
 Would it be useful to meet up soon
�� 'll (just) to check my diary.
 How about Monday?
 Would Wednesday be suitable?
 Would Thursday suit you?
 Shall We say on Friday? That's fine
��  I can not / will not be Able to make Monday.
��  I've got to ...
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Friday, August 20, 2010

Grandma's personality influence for grandchildren

The figure of the life of a grandmother can live alone, separated from his children for having a family, living with children, or the parents could also be still at grandmother's house.
Grandmother with grandchildren relations can occur because the parents stay at home grandmother or otherwise. It can also happen the grandson is deposited to grandma with some reason, the example are parents working or sick.
In this connection, people assume that the effects tend to be poorly educated fathers, because the grandchildren tend to be spoiled. this is due to excessive grandmother spoiling her granddaughter. What are the demands of grandchildren always fulfilled because the grandmother is a form of affection and strategies close to the grandmother's grandson.

In social life, the family has the values that underlie behavior. since the grandson was born, the values of society or the family had begun to be invested.

The values inculcated typically associated with the notion of "Right, Wrong, Good and Bad". Oarng parents usually apply the pattern of how students by giving exams, assignments, orders or reward for good behavior or the right, while sentencing or other warnings for misconduct or poor, should be prevented or prohibited

Family's commitment to follow certain principles must be adhered to, should not be shaken by a third person (grandmother), otherwise if we had set a grandmother who provide education to our grandchildren should be consistent and not interfere.

Affectionate grandmother to granddaughter is fair. According to experts, once again spoiling grandchildren do not result in a less good thing, as long as such indulgence as a reward for good behavior, and in certain situations.

Always obey the will and desire as well as educate grandchildren not to learn the desired behavior of the environment, being selfish, can not adapt to the environment.

Can be concluded that excessive indulgence will actually burden the development itself grandchildren who someday will be released in a society that will not spoil him and grandchildren u tuk it difficult to adjust. For grandchildren, the grandmother is a symbol of love and patience.
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